dimanche 28 août 2011

Aux Pays-Bas comme en Allemagne et ailleurs, les immigrés turcs ont un taux de criminalité significativement inférieur à celui des immigrés marocains

Jaco Dagevos et Mérove Gijsberts, rapport sur l'intégration pour le Bureau de planification sociale et culturelle des Pays-Bas (2007) :

"The crime rates among young Antilleans and Moroccans in particular are alarming and the repeat offence rate is also very high. (...)

Turks: does the inward focus of the Turkish group hamper their integration?
The Turkish community in the Netherlands is strongly focused on itself, holds traditional views and maintains few contacts with the indigenous population. There are indications that this relatively closed nature of this population group impedes their integration in Dutch society. To a greater extent than Moroccans, Turkish immigrants have difficulty in mastering the Dutch language, and Dutch is little used within Turkish households, either between partners or with children. This in turn has an impact on the school achievement of the children; Turkish children in year 2 of primary school have the biggest language disadvantage compared with the other ethnic groups, and this remains the case in year 8. The high percentage of Turkish secondary school pupils having to repeat years, and the low pass rates, are also striking; the proportion of 20-34 year-old Turks with an initial qualification is now lower than in the Moroccan community. This is not yet impacting on their position on the labour market, which is still slightly better than that of Moroccans and Antilleans. Nonetheless, the weak position of Turks in primary and secondary education, in particular, is a cause for concern, and is something that is likely at a certain point to have an impact on their employment position. On the other hand, it may be assumed that there is a – positive – correlation between the inwardly directed social focus of the Turkish group and the relatively low crime rate among Turkish youth. In addition, the Turkish community produces a large number of entrepreneurs." (p. 2)

Source : http://ec.europa.eu/ewsi/UDRW/images/items/docl_4145_420978482.pdf

"Factbook" : "The position of Muslims in the Netherlands" (2008), publié par l'Institut pour le Développement Multiculturel (FORUM) des Pays-Bas : 

"Statistics indicate that non-Western ethnic minorities are more often involved with crime.
This has a negative influence on their image with Dutch natives.
Figures show that:
• Antilleans and Arubans are most likely to commit felonies, especially involving drugs and violent thefts and assaults. Important contributing factors are the illicit drugs trade from South America and the Dutch Antilles to the Netherlands and the increased policing by the Dutch authorities.
Moroccans show the second highest crime rates. Violent and non-violent thefts, verbal abuse, vandalism and disturbance of the peace are the most common charges. They are less likely to commit sexual offences.
Of the largest non-Western communities, Surinamese and Turks are least likely to commit crimes. Their crimes tend to be traffic or firearms related and, in the case of the Surinamese, drugs related." (p. 28)

Source : http://www.forum.nl/pdf/factbook-islam-en.pdf

Michael Tonry, document : "Ethnicity, crime, and immigration", publié sur le site de l'Ecole de droit de l'Université Yale (2010) :

"Similarly, Moroccans and Turks came to the Netherlands as guest workers in the 1950s and 1960s. Many stayed and were later joined by family members after the doors closed to new labor migrants in the early 1970s. By the 1990s, both groups were comparably disadvantaged economically and socially compared with the majority population, but crime and incarceration rates for Turks were not much higher than those of the Dutch, while those for Moroccans were much higher." (p. 2)

"In the Netherlands, Turks and Moroccans first arrived in large numbers as guest workers in the 1950s and 1960s; although labor migrant entry ceased in the early 1970s, the two groups have increased both naturally and as a result of family reunification policies under the immigration laws. In the 1990s both groups are comparably less welloff economically, educationally, and vocationally than the Dutch. Yet the Turks have crime and imprisonment rates much like those for the Dutch while Moroccans have rates that are far higher." (p. 14)

"The traditional model insufficiently takes account of cultural differences between groups that differentially affect their adaptation the model would predict that Moroccans and Turks should have similar experiences in the Netherlands, both being economically and socially disadvantaged migrant groups who arrived as self-selected guest workers between 1950 and 1973, augmented by natural increase and by family unification policies; yet Turks have markedly lower self-reported and official crime rates than Moroccans (Junger-Tas, in this volume), and similar contrasts distinguish the two guest-worker groups in other countries (e.g., in Germany: Albrecht, in this volume). The essays in this volume on Sweden (Martens) and Germany (Albrecht) document other stark contrasts between the experiences of different nationality groups. Some of the contrasts may reflect age or class composition differences between groups, or the influence of the behavior of transients (illegals and tourists), but those considerations cannot explain all of the differences." (p. 23)

Source : http://www.law.yale.edu/documents/pdf/Clinics/Tonry_EthnicityCrimeandImmigration.pdf

Sur le même sujet : Les immigrés turcs : une criminalité faible